How did the People's Bank of China and Renminbi be born?

[breaking news] 时间:2024-03-02 04:25:35 来源:Breaking news website 作者:{typename type="name"/} 点击:187次


Since the founding of the Xinmin Evening News,breaking news the new media brand Golden Coast has been published on December 10, 2023, and 2844 original works have been published.There are more and more readers who love the Gold Coast, all over the various industries.Readers have absorbed ideological nutrition from the theme of the Gold Coast, perceived the magnificent power and social progress in the new era, and use their rich cases as a strong coordinate.On December 8th, with the support of the Ministry of Minsheng Bank (Shanghai) Southwest Sub -branch, the 8th People's Hospital of Shanghai held the theme event of the Gold Coast Sub -Sub -branch; looked back at the birth of the RMB and the People's Bank of China, and talked about the blueprint of Shanghai International Financial Center.



At a list

Tao Chenchen, a young reader of the Gold Coast and the New Minus Evening News, a party history enthusiast, and a propaganda member of Nanyang Middle School Tongji Squadron, first introduced to the participantsBirth of RMB: With the smooth progress of the war of liberation, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China approved the establishment of the North China Finance Office with Director Dong Biwu as the director and Nan Hanzhang as the deputy director, and instructed the Nanhan to build a national unified New China Bank.At the same time, the revolutionary financial mission of the unified liberation zone was also put on the agenda.This is because before the start of the liberation war, the various bases led by the Communist Party of China are economically independent and have not exchanged.Different currencies are used in each base.The development of this situation is increasingly uncomfortable with the situation.Especially in early 1947, the two major liberation areas of Jinchaji and Jin, Ji, and Luyu and the Bohai District of Shandong have been connected. Economic exchanges between the liberated areas and materials exchanges are increasingly frequent, but currencies between the districts cannot be circulated, giving economic development to economic development.There is great inconvenience with the people's life.At the same time, as the People's Liberation Army began a large number of external operations, the incompetence of currency brought great trouble to the logistics support of the army.At that time, financial cadres reported to their superiors that they hope to issue unified currencies as soon as possible.



Small readers of Gold Coast, Tao Chenchen, Nanyang Middle School, tells the past of the birth of the RMB and the merit of the first president of the People's Bank of China

In August 1947, the North China Finance Office officially started office.Under the auspices of Dong Biwu, North China Finance Office first launched a survey of monetary trade relations in the liberated areas, that is, a currency market in the liberated area of the liberated area, and then the extensive remittance point was established in the adjacent liberation area to designate two district currency mixed currencies mixedIn the circulation area, establish a co -exchanges in currency.In this way, the price and currency ratio price of each interval gradually approach the standards formulated by the North China Finance Conference in March of that year.In March 1948, the currency ratio of the two major liberated areas of Jinchaji and Jin, Hebei and Yuyu, was close to the established standards, laying a good foundation for the unified issue of currency in the future.

After being approved by the Party Central Committee and Chairman Mao Zedong, Dong Biwu began to consider the name of the Central Bank and extensively solicited everyone's opinions. At that time, some people suggested that they were called "United Bank" or "Jiefang Bank".After careful consideration, Dong Biwu believes that there are certain limitations whether it is called "United Bank" or "Liberation Bank", or the name proposed by Nan Hanzhang is "People's Bank of China"It is more appropriate, because this is not only a bank in the full liberation area, but also the central bank of the new People's Republic. Moreover, the words" Chinese people "show that its nature is the people and the public, and it is by no means bureaucratic capitalists and finance.Widow. On October 8, 1948, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China resumed power Dong Biwu agreed to use the People's Bank of China. At the same time, the general idea of systematic "preparations that must be considered before the issuance of unified currency" was proposed.The currency is named RMB.

The party history records that in June 1948, the North China Finance Office revoked and established the Central Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs, and Dong Biwu was the minister.In early October, the North China Finance and Economic Commission was established. Director Dong Biwu was the director of the central government under the leadership of the central government to uniformly manage the finance, economy, finance, trade, transportation and other work in North China, Northeast, and Northwest China.On October 2nd, the North China Finance and Economic Commission held a meeting and decided to issue RMB on January 1, 1949.However, the development of the war situation was unexpectedly developed.The North China Finance and Economic Commission's meeting was held in just one month: the Liberation of Liberation and the Huaihai Campaign in the Northeast were in progress;At that time, Peiping (now Beijing) and Tianjin were not only the main big cities in my country, but also the combination of several liberated areas. There were several ticket currencies in the liberated areas circulating.The new situation prompts RMB to be issued in advance.To this end, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and Chairman Mao Zedong decided to advance the establishment time of the People's Bank of China and the release time of the RMB until December 1, 1948 to meet the needs of the victory of the revolutionary war and the expectations of the people.

With the establishment of the People's Bank of China, Nan Hanzhang was appointed as the first president of the People's Bank of China.Under the guidance and guidance of Nan Hanzhang, in December 1952, the victory of socialist transformation ownership of the national financial system production data was completed, becoming the first industry in the country to complete the task of renovation.During this period, Nan Hanzhang also assisted Chen Yun and Chen Yi to win the RMB defense war.

After Tao Chenchen gave a speech, I told the participants that Chen Tengyun, the predecessor of the Eighth Hospital, desperately defended the year.Bank of Hebeis story.Deng Xiaoping's proposal to be founded by the Bank of Hebei was a red bank established by the Communist Party of China during the War of Resistance Against Japan at the leadership of the leaders of the Anti -Japanese Base in Jin, Hebei.The Bank of Hebei Bank issued Jisai to establish a currency, developed the economy economy, and strongly supported the victory of the Anti -Japanese War and the liberation of the country. It laid a solid foundation for the development of the financial industry of New China.The cradle of New China Finance"" ".



The revolutionary predecessor Chen Tengyun in the historical corridor of the Eighth Hospital of the Eighth Academy. He walked a magnificent life in 2001. In the same year, the 8th Hospital aid the Mo Mo medical team opened a state mission

In 1938, the Chinese people's Anti -Japanese War entered a phase -owned stage, and the economic struggle entered the heat.Japanese pseudo -currency and local banknotes are flooding, prices are soaring, and the financial economy of various anti -Japanese base areas is in a serious difficulty.The Party Central Committee decided to allow the establishment of local banks in the partition area, issuing local currencies, and planning to fight with the enemy's pseudo -coins and the policy of destroying the fiat currency.The Hebei District Government, where the Two Nine Divisions were located, originally planned to establish Bank of Hebei Bank in Hebei, but the Kuomintang reactionaries tried to obstruct it. Deng Xiaoping decided to make a sound to the west and demand that it was originally planned to be planned in southern Hebei Bank of Hebei, and secretly built in southeastern Shanxi.



The former site of Taihang Shanbei Bank during the War of Resistance Against Japan

In the winter of 1938, Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, Zuo Quan and other leading comrades came to Licheng County, Shanxi to secretly inspect the site selection.After many secrets, a place named Kuanzhuang Mountain in Taihang Mountain in the northern part of Licheng County attracted their attention.The terrain of Kuanzhang Mountain is very closed, surrounded by mountains on all sides, and there is only a narrow river bed located between the canyon as the road out of the mountain.People outside rarely go in, and the people inside rarely come out of the mountain.There is a small village in Kuanxian Mountain, 10 kilometers southwest is the Arsenal of the Eighth Route Army, 20 kilometers north is the 129th Division headquarters, 20 kilometers in the west is the Eighth Route Army Headquarters.After careful and thorough research, Zhu De and other leading comrades decided to set up the headquarters of Hebei Bank in Xiaozhai Village.It is this strategic tactic of "sounding east" and "covering people's eyes and eyes" that made Japanese invaders difficult for a long time to find southern banks.After careful preparations in material reserves, banknote printing technology and safety assessment, the Bank of Hebei Bank of Hebei was formally established on October 15, 1939.



At a list of currencies issued by Bank of Hebei Bank, Nangong Banknote Printing Factory later became the first set of RMB printed units

In the years of artillery fire, the establishment of the Bank of Hebei Bank of Hebei is absolutely confidential.The Eighth Route Army has carefully designed it from the bank name, place, and defense.Although the headquarters of the Bank of Hebei is in Xiaozhai Village, all aspects of the banking production, printing, and issuance of all aspects are split and set up separately.For example, the code of the Bank of Hebei Bank is "London", and the code of the Bank of Hebei Bank of Hebei is "London Factory", and the head code is "No. 7" (President Gao Jiecheng), "Eighth" (Political Commissar Xiong Guangbing), and "Political Commissar Xiong Guangbing), and"No. 9" (Chen Xiyu, director of the Political Department).Later, with the business, it was set up a banknote printing plant in Nangong County, Hebei.

From 1959 to 1969, he served as the secretary of the Party Committee of the Eighth People's Hospital of Shanghai. Before the victory of the Anti -Japanese War, he was the guardian of the southern border area of Hebei.On the occasion of the party for a century, his son Mr. Chen Duolie hopes to figure out: "There is a war called Xinzhuang, and his father and comrades -in -arms have no reason. Except for the serious injuries of his father, he was sacrificed by his comrades.What Mr. Chen Duolie wants to know: What is the specific goal of this tragic battle and his father's desperation and defending?



For a century, Mr. Chen Duolie told the young reporter about his father Chen Tengyun's revolutionary deeds



On the occasion of the 100 years of the party, the eighth People's Hospital of Shanghai held the theme activities of visiting the revolutionary predecessors.The second right is Professor Feng Yunhai, the secretary of the party committee of the Eighth Court, and Professor Gu Shuiming, Executive Dean of the Eighth House of House

After two and a half years, I informed the participants and Mr. Chen Duolie's answer:Defended to defend the branch of Nangong Bank of Hebei BankIntersectionBut this is not a war, but the long -standing siege war between the Japanese and puppets.Chen Tengyun's team fought against the devil's coalition attack, but the power was very different. We only had light machine guns, rifles and grenades, and enemy forces had artillery, tanks, cavalry and heavy machine guns.The battle took place on April 29, 1942.After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, Chen Tengyun, as a commander of the six verticals of the Northwest Field Army, participated in many battles of the Liberation War, including the famous Yan'an Defense War.With the enemy's nose, he successfully completed the task and was praised many times.



The second right in the front row is Chen Tengyun. Shortly after this photo, on April 29, 1942, in order to defend the South Palace of the southern part of the Hebei, the entire company was rescued by Chen Tengyun's serious injuries in the battle of Xinzhuang.



Participants sang "International Song" and loved the revolutionary martyrs who sacrificed to defend the red financial institutions.

The Bank of Hebei Bank lasted nine years and created an indelible glorious performance.It has printed and issued 56 types of Beiji, with a amount of 2012 billion yuan, laying a solid economic foundation for the stability of the Jin, Hebei and Luyu bases and even the victory of the liberation war.In the struggle against the enemy, financial talents with a large number of political theory, high ideological awareness, and refined financial business have been cultivated, forming a relatively complete financial and financial management system.miniature.In October 1948, the Bank of Hebei Bank and the Jinchaji Border District Bank merged into North China Bank, and in December of the same year, it merged with Beihai Bank and Northwest Farmers Bank to establish the People's Bank of China.Since then, a brand -new central bank has opened a new journey with the establishment of New China.

After the victory of the War of Resistance to the United States and the DPRK, Chen Tengyun, who was wounded, transferred to the work of the 8th People's Hospital of Shanghai to work in the work of the party committee.At that time, there were only more than 300 people in the eighth hospital. The medical conditions were very simple. Secretary Chen led everyone to overcome difficulties and continuously improved the hospital's hardware and software level.At that time, farmers were very difficult to see a doctor, and he led medical staff to go to the countryside to see a doctor.He also planted more than a dozen camphor trees on the open space of the Eighth Hospital. Now he has grown into a towering tree.Today's eight hospitals already have 38 clinical medical technology departments and 1,389 employees on the job.The most majestic and majestic trees in the camphor tree planted by the revolutionary predecessor Chen Tengyun were named by the Eighth Hospital Party Committee on November 24, 2023Aid, To recognize 14 soldiers who have devoted to the high career of the aid medical team since 2001, since 2001.



Among the camphor trees planted by the revolutionary predecessor Chen Tengyun, the most majestic and majestic one was named the aid tree by the Party Committee of the Eighth Court



From left: The author, Li Yinping, deputy secretary of the Party Committee of the Eighth Court, Tao Chenchen, Nanyang Middle School, Zhang Xinzhu, Southwest Yutong Middle School, and Ma Wenhao, Secretary of the Youth League Committee of the Eighth Court, took a group photo after the theme event

Gold Coast Studio

Author | Wang Lingyi (Researcher of Shanghai International Economic Exchange Center, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences)

Picture | Interview object provided

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